Statement for Existence
By Khaled Anobani
Statement for Existence
Abstract: At this point in time we, humans, have attained two symmetry axes. They are, due to
Keywords: Combustion, Convection, Enthalpy, Explosions, Heat pumps, Kinetics.
Energy was introduced to science by Galileo Galileo (1564-1642). In 1760 Joseph Blank laid the foundation of quantitative heat transfer and demonstrated the concepts of latent heat of fusion and evaporation. In 1798 Count Rumford ended the "caloric theory" which prevailed for 50 years with a new concept of heat as motion. In the 1840s, Joule and Mayer set forth the idea that heat transfer and mechanical work were simply different forms of the same quantity. In 1848 Kelvin suggested an absolute temperature scale and used the terms "thermodynamic" and "mechanical energy". In 1850 Clausius constructed the 1st law and he used the term "entropy" for the first time. In 1859 Rankin wrote the first thermodynamics textbook. In (1803-1889) Ericson invented the shell-and-tube heat exchanger. Gibbs (1839-1903) received the first engineering doctoral degree in the United States; in 1878 he first introduced the phase rule, the basis for the field of physical chemistry.
Until now there is but one way of getting information, beginning with experiments and ending with unknowns. Thermodynamics in its essence is an applied mathematical science. It has a few laws which are totally dependent on observations and experimentation; the rest are mathematics of equations and formulas.
Obtaining energy from our surroundings depends on finding (Clean energy) or making (until
The nature and properties of dark energy are still a complete mystery (because the whole concept is hypothetical) but the effect is sure. Dark energy does not dilute with the expansion of the universe. The total energy of the universe is neither conserved nor lost- it is just indefinable; this is what Tamara M. Davis’s work rises, an inquisitive question; but she dares not to answer it.
Dark energy was assumed because the universe is expanding with acceleration which needs a continuous supply of energy. Now there are three steps taken by energy to reach us, energy content (internal or
If we imagine that the way is something we know or can know without being well behaved then we are totally wrong. Our driving force for more knowledge is totally unethical. This ethicality is transformed out of us to meet our first ejector, energy. Clean energy is anything which gives without taking. As we have never done that, the surrounding is rude enough to treat us diplomatically. This means that the system should be unstable with respect to our dead state. Dams, wend mills, burners, turbines, nuclear reactors, solar energy collectors and engines are all unclean if we found sometime that it requires us to
Once nuclear energy reached our disposal we thought we had reached a source with no limits; we trusted materials more than good behavior. At Chernobyl, the operators were experimenting over their working engine. They looked to the process as managing a tool, not driving a car, when changing direction a different destination.
Now when civilized nations are abandoning nuclear energy, some others are taking its choice. Extracting Uranium from environment and de-stabilizing it. They are just selling their home ceiling for more money, the only driving force for any mechanical human being.
When we will reach a conclusion saying "do not trust instruments"? The answer is that when we put some logic in it we see that another controlling able player is in the environment and part of the rules of the game theory? If we reached that point then we have solidified a God - isn't this what we are hiding for?
Webster’s dictionary meaning of postulate is a hypothesis advanced as an essential presupposition, condition, or premise of a train of reasoning; other meaning is axiom. Its relation to its founder is "it is his assumption". Where are our certainties of laws of nature in our postulated thermodynamics sciences? We are taking out of it more than it puts in; this is mere un belief in it.
Energy as we know is a concern of whatever is moving. Heat is motion. Our none settable dispute is over forces through distances or space; we think we know contact forces and zero sum work fields. Both statements of the second law state that the reverse of Carnot cycle cannot occur naturally, which means that any cyclic operation that has a forward chronological order cannot have a backward natural process.
As our universe does not realize that Mr. Man has utilized the energy (created) by the engine, we are continuously pumping energy to the dead state of our boundary closed universe as mechanical work.
Because of all of this, until now we could not find the origin of the black energy. That is solely because it is a kind of transformation within the same form as our categorized energy; its spring is under our ass (pardon me I cannot be polite).
What we call an engine is actually creating energy that has never been found or is intended to be found in our universe.
The overall process is a typical identified well defined, perpetual-motion machine of the second kind, which states:"a heat engine which produces no other effects than the extraction of heat from a single source and the production of an equivalent amount of work". URL: http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/ Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Chemical Engineering Communications
This concept (availability) is the second step that completes the conversion of the extracted heat into work. The whole process is creating energy, we call "dark". The condensation front of this created energy is accelerating our expansion which was initially harmonic.