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Theory of Knowledge

Reconstruction of Qur’anic Thoughts with an Attempt to Unify Rationalism and Empiricism

By S.M. Zakir Hussain (Bangladesh)

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The Ten-Commandments
of Knowledge Farming


Here is a symbolic model that depicts the process of Learning and the development of the Tree of Knowledge as a sequence of 10 steps of activities/events. In this model, the teacher or instructor has been referred to as the Knowledge Farmer. In conformity to this analogy, knowledge ¾ the result of learning and experience ¾ has been symbolized by a tree and even a garden. The Knowledge Farmer, certainly more than what is usually understood by the term "teacher", must do the following to ensure the healthy growth and full-fledged development of the Tree or Garden of Knowledge. We define Learning as the process in which the Tree or Garden ¾ the student or the system – takes in nutrition from the external environment and the process in which the Tree internalizes the nutrition.

Farming activity



1. Discover good soil.


1. Screen and select potential students/learners.

2. Till the soil.

2. Orient the student or learner to the method, subject, etc and motivate them.

3. Sow the seed.

3. Expose the Learner to the knowledge they are looking for. That is, train them.

4. Water if there’s no rain.

4. Build emotional and intellectual strength in the learner if there’s any observed paucity thereof.

5. Do the care taking.

5. Ensure regular monitoring, evaluation, correction, and recycling of the learning process and knowledge.

6. Weed out.

Remove identified vague links and redundant, non-value-adding concepts, ideas, information, and any negative notion about the topic being learned

7. Use manure.

7. Ensure re-orientation, reward, recognition, success, competition, better method

8. Protect.

8. Do the needful to ensure conceptual clarity, remove vagueness, encourage comparative study, motivate to attack assumptions, encourage identity building, assign importance to the knowledge earned, make the knowledge result-orientated, relate knowledge to learners’ goals of life

9. Rearrange the plants.

9. Do the necessary analysis, synthesis, antithesis, summarizing, pattern-finding, review

10. Harvest and Recycle.

10. Prompt them to apply the knowledge for real results, accumulate experience, save for future use, go through the process of meta-learning, and gather knowledge of how people learn effectively

Obviously, each of the above-mentioned steps needs to be properly translated into specific action programs to have a bumper harvest. 

Continued ...



Author of:

Secret Knowledge of the Qur'an