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(Political and Economic Relations between 1990-2015)

By Kamal Pandit


Abstract: NEPAL-CHINA RELATIONS (Political and Economic Relations between 1990-2015)
Kamal Pandit

LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing , a renowned name in the field of publication has published a book of a Nepali writer, entitled “NEPAL-CHINA RELATIONS (Political and Economic Relations between 1990-2015)

Kamal Pandit, the author of the book, has tried to explores the relationship between Nepal and China. It basically focuses on the political and economic relations from 1990 to 2015.Since the establishment of diplomatic relations in 1955, the friendship and cooperation between China and Nepal has opened a new chapter. This owes much to the commitment and dedication of several generations of Chinese and Nepalese leaders. Such friendship is a great asset of our two peoples. The leaders of, both past and present, have brought about the flowering of China-Nepal friendship with their wisdom, vision and unremitting efforts. The untiring efforts made over half a century, exchanges and cooperation between China and Nepal in political, diplomatic, economic and trade, cultural, educational and other fields have borne rich fruit.

This study argues that the intensity of Sino-Nepal relations over the past decade has witnessed a lack of consistency, attributable to shifting political conditions in Nepal. During these periods, Nepal has experienced different political systems such as constitutional monarchy, absolute monarchy and currently a republican framework. However, Nepal’s espousal of the ‘one China’ policy, particularly as it concerns Tibet, has been steady and enduring, as has the logic that Sino-Nepal relations are not strictly ‘bilateral’ in nature but also potentially serve as a channel for Nepal to connect to a wider canvas including Central Asia, Southeast Asia and East Asia.

Nepal and China share identical views on major issues of global and regional concern. Both strongly support the cause of peace and justice in international relations and are committed to safeguarding not only world peace but also promoting international cooperation for development in many Third World countries, particularly development in the Lease Developed among Developing Countries (LDCs) like Nepal. In the opinion of Chinese policy makers, seeking peace and development and promoting cooperation and progress have become an irreversible historical trend, despite the re-emergence of unilateralism in some countries, continuity of local conflicts, the menace of international terrorism and above the appalling gap between haves and have not’s.

It is also argued that to a large extent, Sino-Nepal relations are poised to be significantly affected by an evolving China-Nepal-India triangular relationship on account of Nepal’s geographic position.

China is now intimately connected to the development of the region both by virtue of being the second largest economy of the world and by being the upper riparian country. South Asia is increasingly becoming a turbulent region. It is also strategically important for big players of international politics. So the cooperative relationship of China and India matters much for establishing peace and order in the region. Since Nepal’s geo-political situation has added its significance, Nepal-China relation is likely to encounter some difficulties in the initial period of transition. But in course of time, political elites of both the countries may better understand the limitations and opportunities. It can also be assumed that Nepali interest – independent, national sovereignty and territorial integrity may be better preserved by pursing a kind of quiet but realistic policy towards the two immediate neighbors.

Peace and development are the priority concerns of both Nepal and China. China which has consistently expressed its support for Nepal’s independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity, has welcomed recent political developments in this country such as the end of a decade-long insurgency, elections to the Constituent Assembly for drafting a new constitution and the ongoing peace process.

There are numerous examples to say that China is good friend of Nepal. During a devastative earthquake that hit Nepal on 25 April 2015, China was one of the countries who came for rescue Nepali people. China has provided many materials like tent, food, clothes and medical assistant for earthquake victims. Besides, the support extended by China during an undeclared blockade from India that began on 23 September 2015 is also remarkable. At a time Nepal was suffering from economic and humanitarian crisis which has severely affected Nepal, China played a role of good neighborhood. Despite the geographic difficulties and obstacles, China provided petroleum products and other commodities to support Nepali people.

Therefore, it can be said that, Nepal-China relations have become a model for friendly cooperation for different social systems and neighboring countries to live in friendship and harmony.

(Kamal Pandit, studied at Tribhuvan University, Kritipur, Kathmandu, which awarded him Master's Degrees in Sociology (2015) and Political Science (2016). At present, he is working as Research Assistant at Research and Information Division, the Council for Technical Education and Vocational Training (CTEVT). Being a student of Political Science, he is been doing extensive research on Nepal-China Relations, and this book is part of his research. In this book, the author explores the relationship between Nepal and China. It basically focuses on the political and economic relations from 1990 to 2015. However, the book also incorporates the historical background of Nepal-China Relations, which covers bilateral relationship between two countries during Lichchhavi Period, Malla Period, Shah Period, Rana Regime and Panchayat Regime).



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