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1995–1998 – Escalation to Disaster
Part 1

by Christian Cobar


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Why We Should Expect Another 9/11

                        Article #12 –

      1995–1998 – Escalation to Disaster - Part 1


                                       Chris Cobar

As previously mentioned, 9/11 was not a single, isolated, stand-alone, one-off event.  On the contrary, 9/11 was over 8 years in the making, having been first conceived in 1992.  It was a part, albeit a momentous part, of a long string of attacks, patiently prepared, practiced and perfected.

          To help better understand when, where, why and how this happened, I will list below a quick recap of salient events:

1992 Aden, Yemen Bombing

Goal:                    Kill over 100 Marines who were billeted in Aden in support of the UN peacekeeping mission – Operation ‘Restore Hope’ in Somalia.

Plan:                    Set off 2 bombs, at the Gold Mohur Hotel and the Aden Move-n-Pick parking lot where the Marines were billeted.

Timeframe:         29 December 1992

Operatives:          Tariq al-Fadhi, leader, and several Afghani-trained Yemenis who we later captured.

Outcome:            One Austrian tourist and a hotel worker were killed.  The wife of the Austrian tourist was injured, as were 2 of the bombers.

Comments:         No Marine was killed.  They had already shipped out for Somalia two weeks earlier. 2 killed, 1 wounded and 2 bombers wounded is not a good batting average.

                             This should have been Uncle Sam’s first wakeup call; it wasn’t.

1993 Somalia Attack

Goal:                    Kill American soldiers on duty in Mogadishu, Somalia as part of the UN Peacekeeping force, Operation ‘Restore Hope’ and force the US out of Somalia.

Plan:                    Train members of Al-Ittihad al-Islamiyya of Somalia and with Al-Qaeda operatives attack American Soldiers.

Timeframe:         3-4 October 1993

Operatives:          Ali A. Mohamed, Egyptian born, American citizen, Mohamed Atef, Al-Qaeda Military Chief, Saif al-Abel and numerous members of Al-Ittihad al-Islamiyya.

Chronology:        In mid-1991, bin Laden moved to the Sudan, where he was already operating several training camps.

                             In 1992 - 1993 Mohamed Atef made repeated trips to Somalia to train Al-Ittihad al-Islamiyya operatives.

                             In January 1993, bin Laden sent weapons and additional trainers to Somalia.

                             In October, 1993, Ali Mohamed returned to Somalia to ‘witness’ the October attacks.

                             On 3-4 October,  15 hour gun battles ensued in Mogadishu.  The first helicopter was downed by a Soviet ZSU-23 anti-aircraft gun.  The second helicopter followed 10 minutes later.  Help arrived 9 hours later.

Outcome:            18 American Rangers were killed, 3 after having their throats slit, having crashed alive.  Some of their naked bodies were later dragged through the streets of Mogadishu.

Comments:         Obviously, something happened!  It would take over 5 years before American intelligence finally understood that bin Laden had been behind the attacks

Since I have already covered the 1st World Trade Center Bombing, Operation ‘Bojinka’ and the Oklahoma City Bombing, I will not rehash them here.  Please refer to articles #6, #7, #8 and #9.  Accordingly, we will continue from there:
1995 Riyadh Bombing
Goal:                    Kill American soldiers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, while they were having lunch in a snack bar in downtown Riyadh for the crime of sullying sacred soil with infidel feet.
Plan:                    Ahead of time, drive a van loaded with explosives and park it outside the snack bar.
Timeframe:         11:40AM, November 13th, 1995
Operatives:          Abdul al-Aziz Naser al-Mothem, Riyad Sulieman Is’haq al-Hajeri, Musih bin Ayeydh al-Shamrani and Khalid Ahmad al-Sa-eed.
                             (The operatives were captured and publicly beheaded on 30-31 May 1996.)
Outcome:            7 people killed – 5 American and 2 Saudis.  6o people were injured; the majority being Americans attached to a military training center of the Saudi National Guard.
1996 Al-Khobar Bombing
Goal:                    Kill American soldiers stationed at King Abdul Aziz Base in Al-Khobar near Dhahran.

Plan:                    Back up a 5,000 gallon diesel truck, filled with 4,000 lbs.  of TNT to the rear of the dormitory, housing US troops.  Set timing device and flee the area.

Timeframe:         25 June 1996

Operatives:          Hani al-Sayegh and others not identified.  “Saudi Hizballah” claimed responsibility.  (It was later determined that “Saudi Hizballah” was a smoke screen for Al-Qaeda.)

Outcome:            19 American soldiers killed, 386 wounded. 

Comments:         Saudi Arabia arrested over 2,000 ‘suspected’ terrorists.  They investigated them.  No visitors allowed.  They interrogated them.  No visitors allowed.  They tried and convicted them.  Not open to the Public.  It was strictly a Saudi affair.  No one, nowhere received any information.

1998 East African Embassies Bombings

Goal:                    Blow up 2 East African American embassies in Nairobi, Kenya and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Plan:                    Using imported al-Qaeda operatives and members of the al-Qaeda Nairobi cell, place explosive – filled trucks by or near the American embassies and detonate them.

Timeframe:         Almost simultaneous attacks in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam on August 7th, 1998, the 8th anniversary of the arrival of the first American troops on sacred Saudi soil.

Operatives:          In Kenya: Mustafa Elmore from Jersey City, New Jersey, Wadih el-Hage, bin Laden’s personal secretary, Assam, Saudi suicide bomber, unidentified operative in Orlando, Mohamed Rashid Daoud al’Owali, Mohamed Sadeek Odeh, Fazul Abdullah Mohammed and Ali A. Mohamed, a U.S. citizen.

                             In Tanzania: Mustafa Mohamed Fadhil, Khaflan Khamis Mohamed, Ahmed Khaklan Ghailani, Sheikh Ahmed Salim Swedan, Fahid Mohammed and Ali Msalam.

Chronology:        Bin Laden sent Ali A. Mohamed to Nairobi to canvass potential embassies.  Using his US passport, Mohamed cased the American compound.

                             In late, 1993 el-Hage moved to Nairobi to establish an Al-Qaeda cell.

                             June-July, 1998, bombers of the US Embassy in Tanzania, Fahid Mohammed, Ali Msalam and Sheikh Swedan purchased a Toyota truck and altered its back end.

                             On 7 August 1998, Assam and Al-Owali drove the truck to the US Embassy in Nairobi, jumped out and stunned the security guards with a grenade.  Assam detonated the truck

                             The bomb outside the embassy in Dar es Salaam exploded shortly thereafter.

Outcome:            In Nairobi: 213 killed and & approximately 4,500 injured
In Dar es Salaam: 11 killed and 100s wounded.

Comments:         Two weeks later, on August 20th, 1998, Slick Willie ineffectually retaliated by bombing a ‘milk’ factory in the Sudan and al-Qaeda training camps in Afghanistan.  The bombing probably would have been more effective if he hadn’t giving them an hour’s prior warning.

          I will let the mathematics speak for themselves.  In the first outing in Aden, Al-Qaeda totally missed the American troops, killed one Austrian tourist and a hotel worker and injured the wife of the Austrian tourist at the cost of two injured bombers.  They did not exactly smother themselves in success.

          But as the number of bombings escalated, so did the damage they caused.  Al-Qaeda was patiently and persistently perfecting their trade.  They had now been at it for six years.  9/11 was still three years off.

          Until next time.


Thanks for your comments, please keep them coming –
Chris Cobar:

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P.S. For those of you who want more than a snappy synopsis of the whys and wherefores of 9/11, I refer you to It is managed by a good friend, John Berger.  He is a certified terrorist consultant, who documents his colons and commas.  If it's there, you can take it to the bank.

Copyright 2010 Cook Communication

Chris Cobar Articles
Article 1 Why we should expect another 9/11
Article 2 The FBI - Part 1
Article 3 The FBI - Part 2
Article 4 The FBI - Part 3
Article 5 The Origins of 9/11 – the Early Years(Iran, Saudi Arabia and the Soviet-Afghan War)
Article 6 The Origins of 9/11 –The First World Trade Center Bombing – 1993
Article 7 Bojinka, Part 1 - The Killing of a Pope & 4,000+ Passengers
Article 8 Bojinka, Part 2 - Aftermath of an Almost Massacre
Article 9 Bojinka, Part 3 - After the Aftermath – Confusion & Craziness
Article 10 Oklahoma City Bombing - Homegrown Terrorism or ?
Article 11

Bin Laden on a Silver Platter - Why We Refused

Article 12 1995–1998 – Escalation to Disaster
Article 13 1999 - Pre-2001– Escalation to Disaster
Article 14 1999 - Pre-2001 – Assaults on America & Americans
Article 15 2001 – Prelude to Mass Murder
Article 16 2001 + : Denial & Devastation - Part 1
Article 17 2001-2004 : Denial & Devastation - Part 2
Article 18 Iran – Mecca of Mayhem & Murder - Part 1
Article 19 Iran – Mecca of Mayhem & Murder - Part 2
Article 20 Federal Fixits - Part 1
Article 21 Federal Fixits - Part 2 - Shackled & Shorted
Article 22 Federal Fixits - Part 3 - Agents & Assets
Article 23 Federal Fixits - Part 4 - Babel
Article 24 Political Correctness vs. Profiling
Article 25 Department of Homeland Security - To Be or not To Be
Article 26 Diplomats vs. Dips
Article 27 "Pats" vs. "Pros"
Article 28 Anniversaries & Addenda
Article 29 Middle East Melee
Article 30 Bin Laden’s Dead: Good News/Bad News